There is no possible way I could create one post with enough content that would do the potential of graphene justice, but this will be a look through a keyhole into the fascinating grouping of carbon atoms.
Graphene is a structure made from carbon atoms in a honeycomb pattern, very similar to what honeycombs made from bees looks like. It has been studied massively since the term itself was coined in 1987. Scientists just can’t seem to get enough of graphene and its potential for use in electronics, battery energy, solar energy, and much more. Not to mention it is 100 times stronger then the strongest steal. Other reasons it is so great to work with is that the honeycomb structure offers a lot of strength to the one atom thick layer, and it is extremely conductive.
Above shows a representation of a layer of graphene.
With the great amount of forms carbon can make, along with providing the honeycomb structure, scientist have been able to actually fold the layer to create a tube of graphene called a carbon nanotube.
So far, nanotubes can be made with a length that is 132,000,000 times longer than the tubes diameter. For comparison, if you enlarged a carbon nanotube to match the diameter of a skyscraper (300 feet), it would rise to a staggering 7.5 million miles up. The moon on average is only about 240,000 miles away from earth.
Nanotubes themselves are already being developed for use in almost every part of bicycles, large vessels, wind turbines, and a variety of sports gear. This list is miniscule to what it will look like in the near future. Nanotubes are currently being researched and developed for use in acoustics, water treatment, radar absorption (stealth technology), hydrogen storage as a source of fuel, “paper batteries”, electrical circuits, tissue engineering inside the body, and much more. As you can see, this list is long as well as very diverse. Who knows how many different ways graphene will be used in the near future.